Interactive model III. Select a subject to preview related courses: The interactive model, though, allows for communication between both humans and machines (think about automated telephone lines), in verbal and non-verbal methods (think of the difference between talking on the phone and chatting over social media). The mathematical theory of communication. The beginnings of communication study in America. succeed. Some models explain communication in more detail than others, but even the most complex model still doesn’t recreate what we experience in even a moment of a communication encounter. The airline is apologetic and reaches out to Zach privately to reimburse him for his troubles. Although these models of communication differ, they contain some common elements. Cultural context includes various aspects of identities such as race, gender, nationality, ethnicity, sexual orientation, class, and ability. Figure 2.2.2 The interactive model of communication. Physical context includes the environmental factors in a communication encounter. We are left to presume that the receiver either successfully receives and understands the message or does not. The 'interactive' portion of the interactive model comes next, when the recipient formulates his or her own reply and sends it back to the first source. While the linear model focused on how a message was transmitted and whether or not it was received, the interactive model is more concerned with the communication process itself. Psychological context includes the mental and emotional factors in a communication encounter. Stress, anxiety, and emotions are just some examples of psychological influences that can affect our communication. The message is the verbal or nonverbal content being conveyed from sender to receiver. Each participant alternates roles as sender and receiver in order to keep a communication encounter going. Therefore, communication isn’t judged effective or ineffective in this model based on whether or not a single message was successfully transmitted and received. Feedback and context help make the interaction model a more useful illustration of the communication process, but the transaction model views communication as a powerful tool that shapes our realities beyond individual communication encounters. Conversely, people with identities that are dominant or in the majority may rarely, if ever, think about the role their cultural identities play in their communication. Push Communication . 's' : ''}}. All rights reserved. In this model, which is shown in Figure 2.2.3, we don’t just communicate to exchange messages; we communicate to create relationships, form intercultural alliances, shape our self-concepts, and engage with others in dialogue to create communities. The Internet has created increased opportunities for interactivity. Communication is a complex process, and it is difficult to determine where or with whom a communication encounter starts and ends. Figure 2.2.3 The transaction model of communication. Interactive model III. Interactive communication model is also known as the convergence model. Introduction to Professional Communications, Communication in the real world: An introduction to communication studies, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. A) Having an idea, B) Transmitting the message through a channel, C) Determining how the audience will respond to the message, D) Encoding the, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Encoded messages are sent through a channel, or a sensory route on which a message travels, to the receiver for decoding. I have had job interviews over the phone, crowded around a table with eight interviewers, and sitting with few people around an extra large conference table. This model focuses on the sender and message within a communication encounter. Although the transmission model may seem simple or even underdeveloped to us today, the creation of this model allowed scholars to examine the communication process in new ways, which eventually led to more complex models and theories of communication. lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Here, people can respond to any mass communications like videos, news, etc. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 Shannon, C. and Weaver, W. (1949). ), or through visual media (television, photographs). Interactive Model of Communication. The interactive model also relies on field of experience, which is all of the knowledge, behaviors, beliefs, situations, psychological factors, etc., that not only impact the content of the message, but also the way it's interpreted.