As the practice of burning fossil fuels grows, so does the amount of carbon dioxide emitted to the atmosphere. Animals eat plants to obtain the energy trapped during photosynthesis. This process is called photosynthesis. Green plants play a very important role in the carbon cycle. The net chemical reaction for the process of respiration is the exact opposite of photosynthesis: 6 O2 + C6H12O6 ------> 6 H2O + 6 CO2. A carbon dioxide (CO2) sink is a carbon reservoir that is increasing in size, and is the opposite of a carbon "source". To help mitigate global warming, a variety of means of artificially capturing and storing carbon, as well as of enhancing natural sequestration processes, are being explored. For more information, see the following related content on ScienceDaily: Content on this website is for information only. This energy is converted to a chemical form called adenosine triphosphate (ATP). There are two main steps in photosynthesis. Data was collected from various sources, such as ice core sampling. The Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii, run by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is known for its research on atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration. Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Coal, oil, and natural gas are fossil fuels. Earth's carbon sinks and sources 1. Image source: NOAA Satellite and Information Service: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/wdc/index.php, The South Pole Observatory (SPO) is located at the geographic South Pole on the Antarctic plateau. 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Rex Had Huge Growth Spurts, but Other Dinos Grew Slow and Steady, Largest Aggregation of Fishes in Abyssal Deep Sea. They are present in all living things. As the animals' bodies break down the carbohydrates in the plant tissue, CO2 is released to the atmosphere. not using the natural processes of the carbon cycle) it must first be captured, or it must be significantly delayed or prevented from being re-released into the atmosphere (by combustion, decay, etc.) This is because CO2 contributes so greatly to the greenhouse effect. Prior to the industrial revolution the planet was able to absorb greenhouse gases emitted by natural sources VOLCANOES FIRESFORESTS OCEANSOCEANSLAKES & STREAMS Natural CO2 Sinks (Absorb CO2 from atmosphere) Natural CO2 Emitters (Release CO2 … Oceans, on the other hand, absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere through both biological and physiochemical processes. Further below is a graph comparing CO2  and temperature levels over thousands of years. The net chemical reaction for the process of photosynthesis is 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + sunlight ------> C6H12O6 + 6 O2. The land-based sink is largely the incorporation of CO 2 into the products of photosynthesis by green plants. A carbon dioxide (CO2) sink is a carbon reservoir that is increasing in size, and is the opposite of a carbon "source". There are two main types of carbon sinks: natural and artificial sinks. Additional information: The image and text excerpt below are from a website by RickyRoad, a faculty member at U Michigan and who leads a course on climate change problem solving. The net chemical reaction for the process of respiration is the exact opposite of photosynthesis: 6 O2 + C6H12O6 ------> 6 H2O + 6 CO2. There are many cooperative programs around the world that monitor carbon dioxide emissions, sources, and sinks. The main natural carbon sinks are plants, the ocean and soil. Does the fact that we have better measurements today devalue the knowledge from the past? In the second step plants use the energy from ATP to produce sugar (C6H1206). Financial support for ScienceDaily comes from advertisements and referral programs, where indicated. It also produces water as well as oxygen (O2). Have any problems using the site? Plants and animals also release CO2 to t… Trees absorb carbon dioxide from the air during the growing season, removing about 10-20 tonnes of carbon dioxide per hectare every year. We, today, have much better observations of temperature, of solar variability, of volcanic activity, of carbon dioxide; we have better measurements of every quantity. Source: Earth System Research Laboratory—Global Monitoring Division, http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/Photo_Gallery/GMD_Figures/ccgg_figures/tn/ccggmap.png.html. For carbon to be sequestered artificially (i.e. As the animals' bodies break down the carbohydrates in the plant tissue, CO2 is released to the atmosphere.