This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The difference in pay and prestige may be due to differences in power rather than their functional importance. Radical Feminists would argue against the idea that the nuclear family is necessary, as shown by the fact that most single parent families do just a good job as socialising children as nuclear families. This is followed by a historical account of the major criticisms leveled at the theory. To be on the safe side you want to provide two very different criticisms, develop both of them and briefly evaluate. They argue that all social systems share certain functional prerequisites that must be met if the system is to survive and operate efficiently. c. Davis and Moore argue like this: The Apprentice Final Five and Class Inequality, Globalisation, Global Criminal Networks and Crime. There is a considerable amount of evidence against this view – for example despite most people being socialised into traditional gender norms, many people today develop LGTBIQ identities; despite being socialised to obey the law, self-report studies show high levels of minor criminality. The Functionalist Theory Of Social Stratification 1313 Words | 6 Pages. But it is rejected by Tumin and social stratification and act as a barrier to the motivation and recruitment of talent. Melvin Tumin’s Critique of Theory of Social Stratification, UN Summit on Non- UN Report on Domestic Violence, HIV/AIDS and Mobility in South Asia- UNDP Report 2010, India's Development Report Card vis-a-vis MDG, Sociological Perspectives on Health and Illness, Scientific Method in Sociological Research, Changes in social organization of villages due to market economy. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Davis and Moore had tended to assume that the most highly rewarded positions are indeed the most important. Feminists for example argue that the traditional nuclear family, which is seen as necessary by Parsons, oppresses women, as they are expected to fulfil the housewife role, which ultimately makes women dependent on men for an income, and ends up benefitting men who benefit from women’s emotional and domestic labour. This is apparent in close systems such as caste and racial stratification. This is probably overkill to get you the 10 marks. He begins by questioning the adequacy of their measurement of the functional importance of positions. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. They argue that all social systems share certain functional prerequisites that must be met if the system is to survive and operate efficiently. Conflict theorists (Marxists and Feminists) point out that Functionalists have a rose tinted view of society – they focus too much on the positive functions that institutions perform, ignoring the negative ways in which institutions and socialisation can have on certain people. Learn how your comment data is processed. Tumin opponent of functional theory of stratification questions the adequacy of functional importance of positions Davis and Moore assume the highly rewarded positions to be most important. It as if people are just pretending to obey social norms, but when you dig deeper and look at things more qualitatively, behind closed doors, this isn’t necessarily the case, and everyone is ‘doing their own thing’. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Thus the motivation to succeed is unequally distributed through out the class system. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. According to functionalists unequal rewards is to motivate talented individuals and allocate them to functionally more important positions. The considerable evidence is found in western industrial societies that limit the possibilities of the discovery and utilization of talent in general. He questioned the adequacy of the measurement of the functional importance of positions as laid out by David and Moore. Social stratification can be examined from different sociological perspectives—functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interactionism. One such functional prerequisite is the effective role allocation and performance. Davis and Moore were of the opinion that stratification exists in every known human society. This mechanism that they mention is social stratification and should be seen as a system that attaches unequal rewards and privileges to the different positions of the society. Thirdly necessary training for them is undertaken and fourthly the roles be formed conscientiously. However many occupations of little prestige or economic reward are also vital to the society .He states that some labor forces of unskilled workmen are as important as some labor force of engineers. You could take this criticism even further by arguing that Functionalist theory is itself ideological – by arguing that societies need nuclear families to provide effective socialisation, this theory itself reinforces the social order. Tumin concludes that stratification by its very nature can never adequately perform the functions that Davis and Moore assigned to it. However, it is easy to overstate how free people are – people may think their free, but human action is still patterned and things like suicide and educational success still seem to be shaped by an individual’s social background…, this was good, but not that useful and was really confusing. In fact there is no objective way of measuring functional importance of positions.