Whilst deontology, or ‘duty ethics,’ can be said to hold considerable merit, in that it advocates that human beings should be treated as ends in themselves rather than means to ends, I would argue that, as an ethical theory, it fails in that it looks on people, not as sentient beings, but as duty automatons. Deontology deals with intentions and motives. In this ethical system, the ethical actor functions as a moral observer, dispassionately making decisions without regard to him or herself or his or her personal investment in the decision. The primary difference between deontology and utilitarianism, two competing systems of ethics, is that the former system is concerned with whether an act is intrinsically right or wrong, while the latter system believes that only the consequences of an act are important. Unlike religious deontological t… Deontology is a non-consequentialist moral theory. champfish says: October 15, 2014 at 3:20 am. Reply. Learn how your comment data is processed. Reply. View all posts by Geoffrey Klempner, Similarities and differences between Deontology, Utilitarianism, and Egoism, The problem, in my opinion, of finding the downfalls in moral theories is that one can only use moral theories to determine whether moral theories are ‘right’. The professional code of conduct was developed as a result, " (Duska and Duska, 2003) ( Log Out /  Calculating consequences: the utilitarian approach to ethics. Macmillan: Encyclopedia of Philosophy. The problem, in my opinion, of finding the downfalls in moral theories is that one can only use moral theories to determine whether moral theories are ‘right’. Electronic Inspiration LLC. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Deontology vs. Utilitarianism THE RIGHT CHOICE Deontology is an ethical theory, which states actions should be performed according a previously ranked set of values (Johnson, 1996). Competence is derived from a synthesis, Philosophy: Deontology vs. Utilitarianism All Rights Reserved. To the categorical imperative, Kant offers a codicil which relates specifically to human will, ‘So act that you use humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of another, always at the same time as an end, never merely as a means’. Founded during the Victorian era, its founder, Jeremy Bentham, came to believe that there was a need for society to rely on reason rather than metaphysics. Immanuel Kant, the ethics systems celebrated proponent, formulated the most influential form of a secular deontological moral theory in 1788. Deontological ethics is an ethics system that judges whether an action is right or wrong based on a moral code. DoRight has recently been hired as the President of the "Universal Human Care Hospital," where he oversees all departments with over 5,000 employees and over 20,000 patients at the medical facility. If you pull the lever, on person dies. Deontology vs. Utilitarianism Deontology is an ethical theory concerned with duties and rights. Discuss the chief advantages and disadvantages of utilitarianism and deontological theory. > What are some examples of Utilitarianism vs deontology problem? Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Markkula Center for Applied Ethics: Santa Clara University. The problem, in my opinion, of finding the downfalls in moral theories is that one can only use moral theories to determine whether moral theories are ‘right’. Right action is right only if it is undertaken for the sake of fulfilling one’s duty, and fulfilling one’s duty means acting in accordance with certain moral laws or ‘imperatives’. Once we know what it is that we are duty bound to do morally, then we can carry out this ‘natural’ right action regardless of the consequences. At paperdue.com, we provide students the tools they need to streamline their studying, researching, and writing tasks. Consequences of those actions are not taken into consideration. Deontology deals with intentions and motives. Utilitarianism is a system, As stated in the AICPA code of conduct, the accountants need to put aside their own points-of-view and use the unified school of thought that is presented in the code. 2020. This ethics system is intended to be precise and by the book. First I will give an interpretation of Kant's deontology, and point out the strong and logical points within his arguments; secondly I will offer an analysis of Mill's Utilitarianism, and why I feel Mill's views fall short. Utilitarianism focuses only on results. Kant stated that a universal law should provide the basis for each act, and that the intention was of more importance than the result. Think specifically about how the theories would work in a concrete situation. It states that some rights must not be violated even if it may produce the greatest overall good. *Not Affiliated, Sponsored or Endorsed by any University. In short, deontologists hold that right actions are defined by duty. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Ethics, he maintains, is concerned with identifying moral imperatives, and providing rational explanations as to why we should obey them.