Compare and contrast utilitarianism and deontology. Based on the definitions given by Wikipedia , Rule Utilitarianism and Act Utilitarianism both seems to imply the same meaning Rule Utilitarianism. Both Kantianism and utilitarianism are ethical theories that express the ethical standard of an action. The primary difference between deontology and utilitarianism, two competing systems of ethics, is that the former system is concerned with whether an act is intrinsically right or wrong, while the latter system believes that only the consequences of an act are important. In this essay on utilitarianism, I would argue Peter Singer’s calculus preferences, equality is for all living being but sacrificing one for greater good is plausible. An act, either it is morally wrong or good is acceptable as long as the end outcome is greater. However, these two philosophies take on different standpoints on ethics. On the other hand, Deontology, also known as Kantianism, is an ethical theory based in rationalism where the motives determine the ethical value of the act, not the consequences. Action is right as it conforms to a rule that leads to the greatest good, or that "the rightness or wrongness of a particular action is a function of the correctness of the rule of which it is an instance." Utilitarianism is the principle that the correct form of action be taken to benefit the greatest number of people. Expert Answer 100% (3 ratings) False. Like other forms of consequentialism, its core idea is that whether actions are morally right or wrong depends on their effects.More specifically, the only effects of actions that are relevant are the good and bad results that they produce. Utilitarianism is one of the best known and most influential moral theories. Deontology deals with intentions and motives. Peter is a father and his son is very sick. The main difference between Kantianism and Utilitarianism is that Kantianism is a deontological moral theory whereas utilitarianism is a teleological moral theory.. Utilitarianism is defined as ethic based on consequences. It is in complete contrast of the end justifies the means philosophy, which forms the core of utilitarianism. To better understand deontology vs utilitarianism, let’s use an example that features a moral dilemma. Deontology - derived from the Greek words deon (binding duty) and logos (study of) - advocates that both, the actions and outcomes, should be ethical, and the action is right only when it is in accordance with a moral rule or principle. Utilitarianism. Deontology is defined as the area of ethics involving the responsibility, moral duty and commitment. Peter took his son to the doctor and found out that his son needs a very expensive surgery. Similar to utilitarianism, deontology focuses entirely on the consequences of moral actions, ignoring any discussion of intent. Utilitarianism and Deontology Utilitarianism and Deontology are quite similar, and both hold that the most ethical thin one can do is any action that will maximize the happiness within an organization, or in society as a whole. 1.Utilitarianism and deontology are two known ethical systems. Utilatarian, Deontology and Virtue Ethics. 2.Utilitarianism revolves around the concept of “the end justifies the means,” while deontology works on the concept “the end does not justify the means.” 3.Utilitarianism is considered a consequence-oriented philosophy. Act and Rule Utilitarianism.