Next time you need to record in stereo, we hope these methods help to fuel your creativity. Some stereo mic techniques specifically enhance the spatial field, while others are better at focusing it. X-Y. Pro Tip: Any time you have microphones covering the same sound source from different distances, you’re likely to run into some phase problems, as the offset in distance causes the sound to reach the microphones at different times. Place the microphones 6″ to 9″ above the strings and about 18″ to 27″ apart. When recording in stereo, a common approach is to arrange two matched microphones in the so-called “XY” configuration. First, you need a pair of small and precise omnidirectional microphones, such as DPA 4060s. Happy customers, one piece of gear at a time! XY Mic Technique. You simply don’t have enough space for a stereo image to develop until you’re at least 6 feet from the instrument or group of instruments. XY Mic'ing is a coincident stereo mic'ing technique that relies on directionality of audio source over time arrival differences, since the capsules are so close together. Pro Tip: You can explore many variations on the standard XY stereo mic technique by making the angle of the mics greater than 90 degrees. The Blumlein Technique Alan Blumlein was a British engineer known for creating and innovating many things in the audio world. Exclusive deals, delivered straight to your inbox. There are many variations on this theme and mic spacing, such as the Fukada Tree and the OCT array, which owe their inspiration to this timeless microphone arrangement. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. This stereo mic technique involves spacing a pair of cardioid or omnidirectional microphones apart in such a way that they cover the space but don’t create phase issues for each other. Get Directions | Pro Tip: It’s a good idea for both microphones to sound identical, or you may have trouble matching levels, so many engineers use the same multi-pattern condensers for both microphones, but that isn’t strictly necessary. Set the microphones into the openings of the ears, and you’ll have a stereo effect that sounds amazingly convincing over headphones. Engineers have been discovering unique techniques for recording in stereo for decades. When in doubt, use your ears, reevaluate your mic placement, and make adjustments to get the results you want. This one is extremely simple to set up — just position two cardioid mics (usually small-diaphragm condensers) at right angles, aligning the front of the capsules, and you’re good to go. The X-Y technique consists of two identical cardioid microphones, placed on top of each other while facing away from each other at a 90 degree angle. Pro Tip: Depending on where you position your Blumlein pair, you can pick up more or less of the room ambience. You simply don’t have enough space for a stereo image to develop until you’re at least 6 feet from the instrument or group of instruments. The Sabra-som ST2 could very easily be called the Multifunction T-Bar. Sweetwater Sound Forget miking frustrations! Here’s how it works. When you combine these with the mid mic, you get a stereo image comprised of mid + side for the left and mid – side for the right. Just rotate the mic by 90º, so it’s at right angles to your sound source, and it captures phase-accurate audio from left and right. Includes attachment points for flying/hanging. Learn More. In a way, Blumlein stereo (named after Alan Blumlein) is a lot like XY, only with greater stereo separation and potentially better room ambience. Born in the Office de Radiodiffusion Télévision Française French broadcasting company, the ORTF stereo technique is an improvement on the traditional XY stereo technique.